Why is the lethal injection considered inhuman?

Threatened executions by lethal injection

In June 2010, the Vietnamese authorities changed the execution method for death sentences in the Law on the Execution of Criminal Sentences. Instead of execution by shooting, what the authorities say was more humane, execution by lethal injection. Due to a lack of ingredients needed for lethal injection, there have been delays in applying the law. As a result, no executions have been carried out in Vietnam since January 2012. However, death sentences continued to be imposed.

The lack of ingredients for lethal injection was due to the fact that in 2011 the European Union tightened the guidelines on the trade in certain equipment and ingredients that can be used for the execution of the death penalty, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment . In fact, the list of products that are subject to a permit for foreign trade has been expanded to include short-term and intermediate-acting barbituric acid derivatives.

In May 2013, the Vietnamese authorities changed the law again so that ingredients made outside the EU or in Vietnam can now be used for lethal injections. The current version of the law comes into force on June 27th. The Minister of Public Security announced that 117 death row inmates with Vietnam-made pharmaceuticals would be executed immediately afterwards.

Since the change in the method of execution, facilities have been built across Vietnam and personnel have been trained to carry out executions using lethal injection. In 2012, more than 86 death sentences were passed, two of them for embezzlement.

[PLEASE WRITE ]

FAXES, EMAILS OR AIR MAIL WITH THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS

  • I politely urge you to immediately stop the resumption of executions as it represents the most severe form of cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. It also violates the right to life, which is protected by international human rights treaties.

  • I urge you to put in place an immediate moratorium on executions with the aim of completely abolishing the death penalty in accordance with the four resolutions passed by the UN General Assembly since 2007, including resolution 67/176 of December 20, 2012.

  • I also appeal to you, in the meantime, to commute all subsequent death sentences in Vietnam to prison terms and to reduce the number of crimes that are punishable by the death penalty.

[APPELS TO]

MINISTER FOR PUBLIC SECURITY
Lt. Gen. Tran Dai Quang
Ministry of Public Security
44 Yet Kieu Street
Hoan Kiem District
Ha Noi
VIETNAM
(Salutation: Dear Minister)
Fax: (00 84) 43 942 0223
Online contact form:
http://www.mps.gov.vn/web/guest/contact_english

CHAIRMAN OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
Nguyen Sinh Hung
Office of the National Assembly
35 Ngo Quyen St.
Hoan Kiem District
Ha Noi
VIETNAM
Online contact form: http://www.na.gov.vn/htx/English/C1330/default.asp?sAction=lienhe#I7QInwBAqPhn

COPIES TO
FOREIGN MINISTER
Pham Binh Minh
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1 Ton That Dam Street
Ba Dinh District
Ha Noi
VIETNAM
(Salutation: Dear Minister)
Fax: (00 84) 43 823 1872
Email: [email protected]

EMBASSY OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
I. E. Ms. Thi Hoang Anh Nguyen
Elsenstrasse 3
12435 Berlin
Fax: 030-5363 0200
Email: [email protected]

Please write your appeals as soon as possible. Write in good Vietnamese, English, French or German. As information in Urgent Actions can quickly become out of date, we ask you not to send any more appeals after August 5th, 2013.