Hunger and thirst feel the same
Early diabetes symptoms
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease with high blood sugar levels. The disease occurs when the pancreas either does not make enough insulin or the cells in the body do not respond properly to the insulin it produces. Insulin is the hormone that lowers blood sugar levels.
There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes: This type of diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes and develops when the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common type of diabetes and occurs when the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels or the cells stop using insulin properly.
Obesity, an inactive lifestyle, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglyceride levels are common causes of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes develops during or after pregnancy with no previous history of diabetes. Being overweight can increase the risk of this type of diabetes.
Diabetes is also often referred to as the silent killer. Because of the easily overlooked symptoms, many people are often unaware that they have diabetes. The early symptoms often seem harmless, but can lead to serious complications in the long run.
The earlier the symptoms of diabetes are discovered, the better it can be addressed and serious complications such as cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, eye damage, foot damage, skin problems and pregnancy complications can be avoided.
Frequent and / or excessive urination
One of the earliest signs of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is frequent urination. The amount of urine is abnormally large and is also known as polyuria.
In a diabetic, excess sugar (glucose) accumulates in the blood. The kidneys have a lot to do to filter and absorb the excess glucose. During this time, the excess glucose is excreted in the urine and fluids are drawn from the tissues, resulting in excessive urine output.
If the constant need to urinate increases, especially at night, the situation should be clarified with the doctor.
Strong feeling of thirst
Extreme thirst is also one of the first noticeable symptoms of diabetes. Frequent urination dehydrates the body and increases thirst.
If sugary drinks such as juice, lemonade or chocolate milk are drunk, more sugar gets into the body, which increases the thirst again.
If you are thirsty because of high blood sugar levels, drinking will not quench your thirst. It is different when thirst is triggered by allergies, flu, cold, fever, diarrhea or vomiting.
People with diabetes often feel hungrier than usual and tend to eat more. This happens because the body cannot regulate the glucose, which the cells use for energy.
When glucose is withdrawn from the cells, the body automatically begins to look for a source of fuel to satisfy the persistent hunger.
If more is then eaten, people with undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes will still feel hungry, as only the blood sugar level is increased. Eating large quantities can make the problem worse.
Being very hungry can also have other causes, such as depression or excessive stress.
Poor wound healing
Cuts and scratches heal more slowly in diabetics. High blood sugar levels harden the arteries and narrow the blood vessels more than usual. This reduces blood flow and transports less oxygen to a sore area, which extends the healing process of a wound.
Elevated blood sugar levels also have a direct impact on the function of red blood cells, which transport nutrients to tissues. This also slows down wound healing.
In addition to slow healing, the wound can develop into an ulcer or become infected quickly. Therefore, every wound should be closely monitored.
If a wound is infected or does not heal, a doctor should be contacted.
Inexplicable weight loss
While being overweight is a risk factor for diabetes, excessive and unexpected weight loss can be a sign of the disease.
The reason for weight loss is frequent urination, which causes the body to lose a lot of water. The body is also no longer able to absorb the calories from the sugar in the blood.
Insulin insufficiency also forces the body to break down the protein from the muscles as a fuel source, which causes severe weight loss.
In type 1 and type 2 diabetes, severe weight loss is an early sign of the disease.
Rapid and unexplained weight loss is not healthy and should be investigated further.
Constant fatigue and weakness
Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes. Because of the high blood sugar level, the body cannot respond properly to the insulin. The cells cannot absorb the blood sugar either. This leads to fatigue and weakness, despite having eaten and slept enough.
The poor blood circulation also means that the cells lack oxygen and nutrients that provide the body with energy. Another reason is high blood sugar levels, which cause inflammation and lead to fatigue.
Tingling sensation and numbness
Tingling and numbness in the hands, fingers, legs, and feet can be signs of diabetes. Due to the high blood sugar levels, the blood flow to the extremities and nerves is reduced, so that the nerve fibers are damaged.
If the blood sugar level remains high, peripheral arterial disease can develop due to poor blood flow or diabetic peripheral neuropathy can develop due to nerve damage.
Constant tingling, loss of sensation and burning pain in arms, hands, legs and feet should be clarified by the Art.
Itchy and dry skin
In a diabetic, poor blood circulation can disrupt the function of the sweat glands, which makes the skin very dry.
Along with the dryness, the skin may be excessively itchy. This can be caused by a fungal infection, dry skin, or poor blood circulation. The itching often develops on the lower part of the legs.
Diabetes can also lead to dark spots on the skin, around the armpits, neck, and groin area. Frequent urination and constant thirst can make dry and itchy skin worse.
If the skin still feels dry despite the moisturizing cream and lotion, a doctor should be consulted.
There are several symptoms that indicate diabetes. The more symptoms there are, the higher the likelihood of illness. In this case you should be examined by a doctor.
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