Is mulberry wood good for carving

Interesting facts about bow making

The bow making woods

First of all, you can make a bow from any wood. Provided you have it available. That is why the bow maker took what grew in his environment 20,000 years ago and the bow maker today takes what he can afford, or what is offered on the Internet from all over the world.

Woods that we mainly use in our courses

- Ash (Fraxinus exzelsior) If it has grown quickly, straight and healthy, it is a beautiful local, light-colored hardwood, from which efficient traditional flat arches can be made. As ash wood is long-fiber, elastic, hard and hard-wearing, it has always been used as tool wood and for the construction of sports equipment (skis, bars). In recent years it has also been threatened by ash dieback in our country.

 

 

-Ulme (currently out of stock)(Ulmus minor) A popular bow lumber. Unfortunately very difficult to get today. Because the elm has been affected by a fungus for many years and is rarely found or purchased.

 

 

-Robinie (Robinia pseudoacacia) A tree that immigrated about 200 years ago, called the acacia. Originally from North America, it has been planted in parks and gardens all over Europe and is now also found wild. All of the acacias we have are pseudo acacias and are known as robinia. In a good location and straight trunk (which is the main problem) a very good bow wood. Since it is difficult to process, however, it hardly rots at all, it was often used for fence posts. Because it is cultivated with a straight trunk, it is used more and more in the wood industry and is used there in the outdoor area (playground, floorboards).

 

-Osage Orange, Osage Thorn or Milky Orange Tree (Maclura pomifera)
It originally comes from the south of the USA and was used as bow wood by the Osagen tribe. It is similar to the wood of the robinia in terms of processing. However, it has significantly higher compression and tensile properties.

 

 

-Rattan (Calamus rotang) A palm from the tropics of Asia which is usually named after its place of shipment (Manau). Their shoots can be up to 200m long. The homogeneous structure of the peeled rattan makes processing easier. Its long fibers ensure success in bow making.

 

 

-Yew (Taxus baccata) The yew, or rather the yew bow, was made famous in the Middle Ages by the English longbow archers. The great need for raw yew trees to equip the English army was responsible for the decimation of the yew tree. Since not every yew tree is suitable for arching, yew wood is rarely found today, which has grown slowly, straight and somewhat knot-free.

 

History of the bow

The wooden arch is over 20,000 years old. He has greatly improved man's hunting opportunities. It was created in different cities and cultures, whereby the flat design has prevailed. After the bow was pushed into the background by the invention of gunpowder, it came back to us via England at the beginning of the 20th century. Today the bow is only used as a piece of sports equipment. It is still used to hunt in different indigenous peoples.

Arc physics

What is the difference between the speedy bow made from childhood and the professionally made wooden bow? What do you have to consider so that the wood can withstand this extreme load? Why does one bow shoot a fast arrow and the other a slow one? Why do I have a big handshock with this bow and not the other? What is the benefit of a recurve? The distribution of the force in the arc. Pressure, tension, distribution on cross-sections. During the course, the question marks about these terms should resolve.

Arch construction materials

Wood

As far as naturalness and simplicity are concerned, the wooden arch is unsurpassed in its character, which also merges into the arch through the construction of every "arch builder". Just as no one person or tree is like another, every wooden arch is an individual workpiece. Unique, special, and just a bow made of wood.

Laminate

By gluing different types of wood, an arch can become more reliable and durable. One tries to increase its efficiency through the different properties of the woods.

glass fiber

Glass fiber absorbs the tension in the wood and makes it almost unbreakable. However, the character can quickly be lost if you try to compensate for it with decorations and elaborate laminations in the grip area.

horn

It is flexible and probably the most pressure-resistant material nature has to offer. This is why it is glued to the belly side (inside) of the bow in Asian composite bows.

tendon

This used by deer or wild animals is the most tensile stable that nature has to offer. Indian short bows and the Asian composite bows are covered with it on the back in order to increase stability and efficiency.

Arch shapes and arch types

-Sports bow
The pure sports bow today always consists of a mixture of wood-fiberglass-carbon laminates. The shooting technique is combined with technical aids that are supposed to facilitate the way to the target.
o Longbow vs. Shortbow

o Recurve bow
• Tendons: material science
• Arrows: material science
• Bow making: the processing steps
o Selection of the blank
o Sawing the arch shape
o Work out the back with a scraper
o Roughly work out the arch shape
o Tillern
o Sanding and finishing
• Adapt the bow individually - what is important
o tensile force
o length
o Extension length
o Coordinate arrow material individually