What happens during the duplication mutation

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GEN MUTATION

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  • GENMUTATIONIST THE MODIFICATION OF A GENE HAPPENS DUE TO ERRORS IN REPLICATION / TRANSCRIPTION HAPPENS BY MATAGENE (EMISSIONS, HIGH TEMPERATURE)
  • SOMATIC GENMUTATION (BODY CELL) GAMETIC GENMUTATION (GERM CELL)
  • GENE MUTATION TYPE POINT MUTATION DELETION MUTATION INSERTION MUTATION DUPLICATION MUTATION
  • POINT MUTATION A BASE IS CHANGED SUBSTITUTION (REPLACING A BASE FOR ANOTHER BAE) IMPORTANT: A BASE TRIPLET IS CHANGED NONSENSE MUTATION- AMINO ACID- STOP CODE MISSENSE MUTATION - AMINO ACID- ...
  • DELETION MUTATIONS MAY BE REMOVED MULTIPLE BASES OUT - OF - FRAME DELETION - READER GRID MOVEMENT IN-FRAME DELETION - READER GRID REMAINED
  • INSERTION MUTATIONS CAN BE ADDED MULTIPLE BASES OUT OF FRAME INSERTION - READER GRID SHIFT IN FRAME INSERTION - READER GRID REMAINS
  • DUPLICATE INMUTATION PARTIAL DUPLICATION: AN OART FROM A GENE IS DUPLICATED (DOUBLED) COMPLETE DUPLICATION MUTATON: A COMPLETE GENE IS DUPLICATED
  • DUPLICATION INMUTATION PARTIAL DUPLICATION: AN OART FROM A GENE IS DUPLICATED (DOUBLED) FULL DUPLICATION MUTATON: A COMPLETE GENE IS DUPLICATED
  • SOMATIC GENMUTATION AFFECTS THE BODY CELL
  • GARMETIC MUTATON AFFECTS THE GERM CELLS
  • deletionMutation, in which a nucleotide sequence (one to several nucleotide pairs) is removed
  • insertion
  • duplicated doubled
  • A change in the structure of a chromosome that leads to a change in the genetic make-up
  • codonA total of three consecutive bases of a nucleic acid that represent the key for an amino acid in a protein
  • substitution (point mutation) exchange of a base for another (a base triplet is changed)
  • nonsense mutation amino acid becomes a stop codon
  • missense mutation point mutation amino acid is created by a mutation to another amino acid
  • silent mutation point mutation amino acid is mutated into the same amino acid
  • readthrough mutation stop codon becomes an amino acid through a mutation
  • difference deletion, insertion deletion: a base is removed insertion: a base is added
  • multiple base triplets change
  • triplet Total of three consecutive bases of a nucleic acid that represent the key for an amino acid
  • out of frame mutation grid shift mutation several base triplets change delation mutation
  • deletion mutation is retained in the frame mutation reading grid
  • out of frame insertion insertion mutation raster shift mutation
  • in frame insertion insertion mutation reading grid is retained
  • complete duplication mutation duplication mutation a complete gene is duplicated

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