Can request a deduction of the tuition fees
Who pays the tuition fees for dual studies?
Dual universities and vocational academies can also charge tuition fees for dual studies. Often the tuition fees are borne by the company. But is that really always the case? And do the companies take over the entire sum? Here we explain to you what you should pay attention to when concluding a contract!
With traditional full-time studies, it is common to have to pay tuition fees per month or semester at private universities and vocational academies. It's no different with the dual study program. While with the classic study model, however, the students usually always have to pay for the amount, with the dual study the question arises whether the company pays the costs - at least in part - and how exactly the cost assumption is regulated. Therefore, you will find below the different models that are offered by the companies.
Tuition fees: All information
The different models
The amount of the tuition fees is not fixed at a flat rate, but varies from university to university. Basically, you can expect an amount between 300 and 600 euros per month. How exactly the payment of the tuition fees is handled in your company should definitely be set out in your training / employment contract. It is best to ask at the interview whether the tuition fees will be covered. Because if you have to pay for it yourself (perhaps only partially), you should think about the financing of your dual studies at an early stage. If you have to pay rent, tuition fees, possibly travel expenses and living expenses from your trainee salary, the money can quickly get tight.
Here we list the different models for you:
Complete coverage of the tuition fees plus salary
That is the optimal case! If your company pays the tuition fees in full and pays you a salary, you have definitely chosen the best option. However, it is possible that your salary will be a little lower as the company will allocate some of the fees to your salary. Nevertheless, with this variant you don't have to worry as much about your study financing because a large part of the costs is covered by the company - in most cases the company also pays the social contributions that are incurred per semester at the university.
Tuition fees allocated to salary
There is also the case that your salary is split, so to speak, and used to pay the tuition fees. In this variant, there will usually be nothing left of your actual salary and you have to think about how you will pay for your living costs and any other costs that may arise.
Some students get it from their company monthly additional services, such as B. Subsidies for rent or travel expenses. This can at least cover part of your costs, but you will probably not be able to avoid thinking about the financing of your dual study in advance.
Share the fees
A very common variant is to split the fees between the company and the dual student. How the relationship is varies from company to company. Often the proportion is 50:50, but there are also other regulations. The Commerzbank for example, two-thirds of the tuition fees are paid, the money for the fees is paid gross with the monthly salary.
This brings us to another point that can vary: how the assumption of costs is regulated. Either the portion will be deducted directly from your salary or - as in the Commerzbank example - you will receive the portion for the tuition fees in addition to your gross salary and take care of the payment yourself.
No assumption of the study costs
Unfortunately, it also happens quite often that your company does not pay the tuition fees at all and you have to pay for them all by yourself. Especially companies that are offering a dual course of study for the first time, and perhaps only at the insistence of an interested party, do not know their way around very well at the beginning and therefore do not offer to cover the tuition fees.
In this case, the following applies even more: Find out in good time how your remuneration, the tuition fees and any additional services are regulated, because the study financing through BAföG and Co. a dual course is a little more complicated than a classic full-time course.
What else to look out for
In addition to the question of how exactly the assumption of the tuition fees is regulated, there are a few smaller aspects that are indirectly related to it:
Dropping out of studies or leaving the company prematurely
A dual course of study costs - and so does companies! Therefore, most companies secure themselves certain additional clauses in the employment contract from. So if you break off your dual studies in the middle or if you are contractually bound to the company for a certain time after graduation and still want to change before, you may have to repay the tuition fees paid by the company on a pro-rata basis. For example, if you have committed to stay with the same company for at least three years after graduating, but want to switch after 1.5 years, it is very likely that you will have to repay part of the tuition fees to the company.
In any case, the amount of the repayment should be stipulated in the contract. If this applies to you, it is best to turn to legal advice who can provide you with binding information. Because it can always happen that court judgments have already been made in your favor and any clauses in your contract are no longer valid.
Taxes are only a small part, but this aspect should still be taken into account. Because you usually have to pay taxes because you get a regular salary. In principle, the higher your gross salary, the more taxes you will have. This means your net salary can be lower. It is therefore possible that your tax contributions will change if your company adds the money for the tuition fees to your gross salary, for example.
Salary only during the practical phase
Some companies only pay you a salary during your practical phases! In this case, you will normally have to pay for the tuition fees yourself - even if you do not have a regular income.
The usual social and semester contributions are treated separately from the tuition fees. So also pay attention to whether your company pays these costs or whether you have to pay for them yourself. In any case, the semester fee is significantly lower than any tuition fees.
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