Why is fear increasing by leaps and bounds in western countries
International terrorism: The number of victims is increasing
London The number of victims of terrorism in the world skyrocketed in 2014. According to the London-based Institute for Economy and Peace, over 32,650 people were killed in terrorist attacks last year. That is around 80 percent more than in the previous year - the strongest increase in terrorist victims that has ever been measured.
According to research by the institute, the economic costs of global terrorism are also climbing rapidly: Last year they would have reached 53 billion dollars - the costs would be ten times higher than in 2000.
By far the most affected by terror are not the western states, but countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria, according to the so-called Global Terrorism Index, which the organization published in London on Tuesday. The worst is the situation in Iraq, where almost 10,000 victims of terrorism died last year alone.
The main actors in the terror are the terrorist militia Islamic State (IS) and Boko Haram, which operates in West Africa. These two groups are responsible for a good half of all terrorist victims.
The causes of terrorism are very different, says Steve Killelea, head of the organization. “In the West, socio-economic factors such as youth unemployment and drug-related crime correlate with terrorism. In non-OECD countries there is a stronger relationship between terrorism and ongoing conflict, corruption and violence. "
A small intersection in the 11th arrondissement, five streets come together here, gray five-story houses without much charm. In front of two small bars, two scenes of terror, the same scenery: flowers, candles, notes. The metal roller shutter of the popular Le Petit Cambodge is locked, and right opposite there are roses in the bullet holes of Café Le Carillon, another busy bar. The menu is still hanging on the door. There is a heavy silence on the square where dozens of people gathered on Sunday lunchtime. "Life will go on, but it will be unrecognizable," says Alain (48), who lives on the street.
"Ten of the 11 countries most affected by terrorism also have the highest rates of refugees and displaced persons," said Killelea. In the West it is the "lone wolf attackers" - extremists who strike on their own - who are responsible for most of the deaths.
The Institute for Economics and Peace describes itself as one of the world's leading think tanks reflecting on peace and the economic benefits of peace.
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