What are some pictures of homeless shelters
When the Office for Social Affairs, Housing and Assistance for the Homeless last presented the 2020 Housing Allocation Report, a lot was about statistics, guidelines and forecasts. What was missing was the fate behind it. Stories like those of Janina Huber (name changed), Nadine Janicek, Jennifer Brobatovci and their families, who have been living in a shelter for the homeless for years with no prospect of social housing. Stories like that of Marina Ruvio, who made the jump but is now desperate with two children in a one-room apartment.
The Freising SZ talked to them. Also with the responsible department head of the city of Freising and two city councilors. You want to tackle perceived problems, but still have a completely different point of view than those affected.
Families are sometimes moved into smaller apartments to create space for shared apartments
Jennifer Brobatovci works in a restaurant in Echingen and is currently on short-time work. She has lived in a homeless shelter in the Lower Isarau for ten years. She lives in a four-room apartment with three of her five children - 19, 16 and nine years old. The eldest son is doing an apprenticeship at the airport. At the end of March, she will have to move into a three-room apartment, says the 41-year-old, because the city wants to create shared apartments from larger apartments in the future.
The city confirms that two families within the Lower Isarau will be "moved" into smaller apartments. Both have high rental debts, which one does not want to drive up; in the case of a family, an adult child with his own income also falls out of the need. The city also confirms the conversion of larger accommodations into shared apartments. The reason is expected evacuation waves and thus homeless people in the Corona crisis.
On the other hand, Brobatovci emphasizes that they have "no rental debts". Since she has lived in the Lower Isarau, she has only received "one single apartment proposal" for social housing, she continues: 2015 on Plantagenweg, at the other end of town. Her youngest was just four years old. "I was fully employed and dependent on help with care from my environment, that would not have been manageable," says the single parent. "If I had received the offer today, it would be something different."
The house in question had not been renovated at the time, "below all dignity". In the meantime it has been renovated there. Brobatovci emphasizes that she doesn't have too high expectations. She just wanted to get away. Your bathroom is "completely moldy", some walls curled up, door frames almost fell out. "After living here, you don't have such high standards anymore."
Everything was full of mold, criticized a resident of the accommodation in the Lower Isarau
One of her older sons lived with her two years ago, along with his girlfriend Nadine Janicek and one-year-old twins. A year ago, says Janicek, the family was assigned their own accommodation in the Lower Isarau, a two-room apartment. They now have a third child. There was already mold in the accommodation when moving in, says the 23-year-old, but only a little. The accommodation was "temporary", she was assured, says Janicek.
Meanwhile, "everything is full of mold", a child coughs at night, presumably as a result of the infestation. Half a year ago, she submitted an application for accommodation, while three-room apartments were available in the house, for which she received no offer. Against the infestation, there were only tips for correct ventilation and mold remover, she is indignant. Meanwhile, is she looking for an apartment herself? "My boyfriend is employed at the airport, I get child and parental allowances," says Janicek. "700 to 800 euros rent would be possible for us, we cannot afford an apartment outside. I also have a bad Schufa entry, which scares landlords off." Janicek also denies having high standards. "I know: This is a homeless shelter, it shouldn't be beautiful here. But some things just don't fit at all."
Janina Huber has also lived in the Lower Isarau for ten years. "So far I have not been offered any social housing," says the 44-year-old. She lives in a three-room apartment with her two children, 16 and 20 years old, the older one is doing an apprenticeship. She suffers from a chronic lung disease and has been on sick leave for two years, says Huber. A rehab stay was planned at the end of 2019, but then: the prospect of social housing. In the end it didn't work out, she's waiting for a rehab appointment until today. "I still had the hope of getting social housing."
The city said it should look around on the private rental market. "How should I pay the rent?" Asks Huber. "At the moment we don't get any benefits because nobody feels responsible." In addition, until last year, no one told the residents that they had to reapply for social housing every year, claims Huber. Huber finds no nice words for the head of the department responsible for social affairs, housing and homeless assistance since then. What she does is "inhuman". There is a pressure to move out. "If the city only knew what's going on here ..."
In 2020, 256 eligible households in Freising were not given any social housing
Hanna Sammüller-Gradl should have a rough idea of what's going on. She has also been in office for a year and heads the higher-level department for citizen services and legal affairs in the city of Freising. When asked about a recently changed way of dealing with residents, she says: "We are taking this in a legally correct manner." Corresponding measures would be communicated via an office on site, an advice center and by the social workers of Caritas.
In 2020, according to the housing allocation report, the city allocated 57 new social housing, while 256 eligible households were not given an apartment. The city owns 100 social housing, according to Sammüller-Gradl; in total there are 1162, mostly owned by developers such as the Freisinger Wohnbau (FWB), "for which the city has the right to propose".
The councilor Monika Schwind (FSM) and her SPD colleague Peter Warlimont sit on the FWB's supervisory board. The city is doing a lot for social housing, both say. But you can't handle all construction projects at the same time, "it has to be inexpensive and meet ecological standards," says Schwind. And you want to offer a certain standard. Example: the planned densification on Johann-Braun-Straße. There is to be increased from 64 to 82 social housing. "There was also a design with over 100 apartments, but I wouldn't have wanted to live in there, you have to feel comfortable in it."
Warlimont says that it is not the higher requirements that are decisive, but rather the high land prices in order to acquire land for social housing. "If you have to pay so much, you can only afford it if you make a loss. The previous owner makes a fool of himself on it, the taxpayer pays it, and the municipalities sit on it." With its "Master Plan for Affordable Housing by 2035", the SPD city council wants to set targets for increased social housing construction, stimulate the construction of company apartments and counteract land speculation.
Higher circulation and rising land prices make it more difficult to acquire cheap land for social housing
When asked about the situation of long-time residents of the homeless shelters, Warlimont says: "Sometimes there is a clientele, that settles in everything. Every offered help that requires a movement on your part is bypassed and prefer to come to terms with a worse situation. That is often incredibly difficult. "
City lawyer Hanna Sammüller-Gradl, on the other hand, says: "Homeless shelters are not social housing, they are designed for short-term accommodation." After a year in office, she could not say how long stays came about. She adds, "People are actually always better off in social housing." This means, for example, that there are no extension periods, social housing, on the other hand, is often smaller than the previous accommodations.
Marina Ruvio has too small an accommodation. The 30-year-old used to live in the Lower Isarau. She has lived in a one-room apartment in Zolling for four years: on 23 square meters and with two children (eight and five years old), one of whom, as she says, suffers from ADHD. "It doesn't work anymore, it's so tight here, everything explodes." The Zollingen authorities would have said to her in a similar manner: "Others are even worse off. Come back when you stand in front of the door with an eviction notice and your suitcases packed."
For them the sheer mockery. As a job seeker, she cannot afford a larger rental apartment, says Ruvio, because the prices are above the requirements of the job center. In addition, the landlord threatens to terminate her because of personal needs. Like the rest of the family, her mother Monika Staller lives in Freising. The 58-year-old would like to swap her three-room apartment for an empty two-room apartment so that her daughter can move in. But the Freising Housing Office said: Marina Ruvio could not be given an apartment, she was now living in Zolling.
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