Gustav Klimt was religious
Gustav Klimt: biography Curriculum vitae and important works of the Viennese Art Nouveau painter
Gustav Klimt (1862–1918) was one of the founders of the Vienna Secession, served as its first president for two years and may be addressed as the leading painter of Viennese modernism and art nouveau.
After training as a decorative painter at the Vienna School of Applied Arts (1876-1883), he celebrated great successes as an outfitter of theaters and public buildings, including the, together with his younger brother Ernst Klimt (1864-1892) and fellow student Franz Matsch (1861-1942) Ceiling paintings for the Burgtheater and the staircase decorations of the Kunsthistorisches Museum. For these orders, the young painters joined the so-called Artist company together, which lasted until Ernst Klimt's early death in 1892. Gustav Klimt received an award for these works, like the first portraits of society, and was considered by contemporaries to be the “successor to Hans Makart”.
Gustav Klimt went through a crisis in the mid-1890s. It was only with the founding of the Vienna Secession in 1897, of which Klimt was the first president, and his turn to the formal language of the avant-garde that he was able to overcome this. The Klimt of the late 1890s emerged with pictures such as “Pallas Athene”, “Nuda Veritas” and the “Portrait of Sonja Knips” with mysterious works that were for the first time also designed with gold leaf. These "Golden Period" can be dated between 1899 and around 1910. At the same time, he also devoted himself to landscape painting for the first time, thanks to Klimt's stays on Attersee (Salzkammergut) was inspired.
The order given to Gustav Klimt and Franz Matsch in 1894 for the Faculty images for the auditorium of the University of Vienna provoked the dissolution of the community of two. Matsch made a career as a society portraitist, while Klimt withdrew, as it were. His clientele consisted of a few extremely wealthy families in Vienna, most of whom were of Jewish descent and were liberal. The Scandal over the allegorical representations of medicine, philosophy and jurisprudence Gustav Klimt employed until 1905, when he officially resigned from this job and returned the money already received to the ministry. The works were acquired by collectors, including his artist colleague and friend Koloman Moser. They ended up in the Austrian State Gallery (today: Belvedere) during the 1920s and burned in 1945 in Immendorf Castle.
Society portraitist and allegories
From 1900 Gustav Klimt was mainly called "Painter of women" famous. For example, he created one large-format portrait of a woman per year, in which he applied the principles of Art Nouveau - flatness, decor, gold leaf plating. At the same time he devoted himself to allegories and Old Testament heroines, which he however too dangerous Femmes fatales transformed. Eros, sexuality and femininity were interpreted by him in many ways as an alluring danger. Life, love and death can be identified as the important themes of Klimt’s work.
With this in mind, he also designed the"Beethoven Frieze" (1902) as an introduction to the XIV. Exhibition of the Vienna Secession, with which he referred to the figure of Ludwig van Beethoven. The evil forces that threaten life are sickness, death and madness (syphilis), gnawing sorrow as well as erotic-sexual desires. Only the arts - music, poetry and painting - supplemented by nature (flowers) and romantic love (lovers at the end) are able to sublimate earthly inadequacies. The painter therefore also found his summer retreat on as a relaxation Attersee, where he returned almost every year between 1900 and 1916 with a few interruptions.
Art show 1908: "The kiss"
Differences in opinion and disputes between the members of the Secession and, above all, Carl Moll's new commitment to Galerie Miethke led to The so-called Klimt Group left in 1905. Klimt founded the Austrian Association of Artists in 1906 and organized the 1908 with his friends, like Josef Hoffmann "Art Show". On the site of today's concert hall and the ice skating club, Josef Hoffmann set up a “model settlement” in which art and life merged. From a Klimt room in which for the first time "The kiss" (1907/08) was on display, right up to a cemetery with artistically designed grave sites and grave crosses, the visitors were able to convince themselves that the Art Nouveau in the Viennese variant was formally, content-wise and stylistically most suitable for shaping life with it. For this purpose, Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser founded the Wiener Werkstätte in 1903, and with the order for the Palais Stoclet in Brussels, it was an exemplary opportunity to further reinforce this. Gustav Klimt designed the famous one for the dining room of the Palais Stoclet Stoclet friezewhose drafts are kept in the MAK.
One of the highlights of Gustav Klimt's participation in exhibitions was the invitation to the 9th Venice Biennale in 1910. In the following years he and Emilie Flöge discovered Lake Garda, where several landscapes were created. In terms of style, Klimt broke away from his “golden period” around 1910 and turned to bright colors - obviously in conflict with the French Fauves around Henri Matisse. The painterly style of these pictures became more intense, the question of the completion of a work more pressing.
First World War
The First World War Gustav Klimt spent in Vienna and on the Attersee in the forester's house near Weißenbach (1914–1916). He often visited the Primavesi family in Winkelsdorf in Moravia. Shortly after returning to Vienna from a New Year's Eve stay in 1917, Gustav Klimt suffered a stroke on January 11, 1918 that paralyzed one side of him. He died of the consequences in the General Hospital in Vienna on February 6, 1918 and was buried on the 9th of the month at the Hietzinger Friedhof.
Friends, partners and mothers of Klimt's children
- Emilie Flöge (8/30/1874–5/26/1952): Whatever the relationship between Emilie Flöge and Gustav Klimt, he apparently wrote her several correspondence postcards every day and had her come to his deathbed. The approximately 400 correspondence postcards that have been preserved are only a small part of the original mass of letters that both wrote to each other for life. Whether the friendship between Klimt and his sister-in-law Emilie Flöge began as a love story in the 1880s or not - the unmarried Emilie was the "woman at Klimt's side" all her life.
- Marie Zimmermann, called Mizzi (1879–1975)
- Maria Ucicky [Učická] (1880–1928)
- Consuela Camilla "Ella" Huber (1896-1978)
- Gustav Ucicky (July 6th, 1899– April 26th, 1961)
- Gustav Zimmermann (September 1, 1899–1976)
- Otto Zimmermann (June 22 - September 11, 1902)
- Gustav Huber (1912–1989)
- Charlotte Huber (1914-1915)
- Wilhelm Huber (1915–1943)
- Klimt's family tree (c) ARTinWORDS, Alexandra Matzner
- Cooperative of Austrian Visual Artists, Künstlerhaus Vienna (1891–1897)
- Member of the Curatorium of the Society for Reproductive Art (1896)
- Co-founder and first president of the Vienna Secession (1897–1905, presidency: 1897–1898)
- Member of the International Association of Painters, Sculptors and Engravers (1898)
- Foreign member of the Association of Fine Artists of the Munich Secession (1898)
- Honorary member of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich (March 12, 1906)
- Co-founder and President of the Association of Austrian Artists, Art Show (1908–1918)
- Member of the Saxon Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden (May 25, 1916)
- Co-founder and first president of the "Kunsthalle", an exhibition and working group of painters, writers and musicians (1917/18)
- Honorary member of the academies of fine arts in Vienna and Munich (October 26, 1917)
More articles on Gustav Klimt
Contributions to Klimt's colleagues, friends and contemporaries
Biography of Gustav Klimt (1862–1918)
July 14, 1862On July 14, 1862, Gustav Klimt was born as the second of seven children to Ernst Klimt (1834–1892) and Anna Klimt (1836–1915, née Finster), who came from Northern Bohemia, at Linzerstrasse 247 in Baumgarten near Vienna. Baumgarten was an independent suburb of the k. k. Imperial capital and residence city of Vienna, today the street is in the 14th district. Ernst Klimt worked as a gold engraver, Klimt's mother, Anna (née Finster, 1836–1915) was a housewife. Gustav Klimt had two brothers and four sisters. The living conditions of the family of nine were not easy because Ernst Klimt earned too little as a craftsman. As a result, the family moved frequently.
1864On January 3, the younger brother Ernst Klimt (1864-1892) was born, who in the following years worked with his brother on interior design projects.
1867Birth of his brother Georg Klimt (1867–1931), who was trained as a sculptor and chaser and made numerous frames for Klimt's paintings.
1873Father Ernst Klimt lost his income due to the economic crisis. The parents are not particularly well off financially and can only offer their seven children a poor life.
1868–1876Klimt completed the eight-year elementary and community school.
October 1876–1878The 14-year-old Gustav Klimt began his training at the Vienna School of Applied Arts. k. Austrian Museum for Art and Industry (today: University of Applied Arts Vienna). Klimt is supposed to be a drawing teacher. At the two-year preparatory school he takes lessons from Michael Rieser, Ludwig Minnigerode and Karl Hrachowina.
1877The younger brother Ernst Klimt also went to the arts and crafts school.
1878–1883At the suggestion of Rudolf Eitelberger (1817–1885), the founder of the Kunstgewerbeschule, Klimt continued his training at the technical school for painting with Professors Ferdinand Laufberger (1829–1881) and Julius Victor Berger (1850–1902). Laufberger recognized the talent of the Klimt brothers and encouraged them from an early age. Laufberger was not only at Gustav Klimt's side with words and deeds, but also involved his pupil in his own orders or recommended them to others.
1879The Klimt brothers and their classmate Franz Matsch (1861–1942) worked on the execution of Hans Makart's pageant in honor of the silver wedding of the imperial couple Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth.
1880/81Under Laufberger's direction, Gustav Klimt and the later artist company were involved in larger orders: sgraffiti for the courtyards of the Kunsthistorisches Museum with allegories of the arts and crafts, putti with banners and the names of famous artists on them.
1880Laufberger arranged for them the first independently executed commission: Ceiling painting for the Palais Sturany (1874–1880, architects Ferdinand Fellner & Hermann Helmer) at Schottenring 21. The Klimt brothers and Franz Matsch painted four allegorical representations: theater, poetry (both Franz Matsch), Dance (Ernst Klimt), music (Gustav Klimt). Four or six ceiling paintings for the concert hall in Karlsbad (architects Fellner & Helmer): religious music, hunting music, dance music and wedding music (demolished in 1966). In this year Gustav Klimt began to deal with small-format landscape paintings: "Stiller Weiher" (1881), "Waldinneres" (1881/87), "Waldboden" (1881/87)
1881After Laufberger's death in 1881, Julius Victor Berger (1850–1902) took over teaching. The Klimt brothers received scholarships of 20 guilders per month for the technical school. Since the brothers have to earn a living with the family, they painted miniature portraits in watercolors based on photographs and made technical drawings for the ear specialist Adam Pollitzer. Franz Matsch, Ernst and Gustav Klimt were about to graduate, but - probably for financial reasons - they stayed at the arts and crafts school for two more years.
1881/82Ceiling paintings in the Palais Zierer (1880, Palais Kranz, architect: Gustav Korompay): Based on designs by Julius Victor Berger, they painted ceiling paintings for the stairwell and a salon.
1882/83Four ceiling pictures, a proscenium picture and the curtain for the city theater in Brno (architects: Fellner & Helmer). First independent major order for five ceiling paintings and the curtain of the city theater in Liberec (Reichenberg), which was built by the architects Fellner & Helmer in the neo-Rococo style. The Klimt brothers and Matsch represented musical genres emblematically.
1883Founding of the artist company (also known as the “artist company”, perhaps the model was the Rahl school); the three moved into a studio in Sandwirthgasse 8 (6th district). The great stylistic closeness of the Klimt brothers and Matsch makes it difficult to separate hands. Collaboration on the publication “Allegorien und Embleme” (1882–1884): Gustav Klimt published eleven full-page panels with reproductions of paintings and drawings specially created for the volume.
1883–1886Royal summer residence of Pelesch Castle in Sinaia for the Romanian King Carol I (architect: Wilhelm von Doderer).
1884/85Furnishings for the city theater in Rijeka (today: Fiume; architects: Fellner & Helmer), for which Gustav Klimt and Franz Matsch each created three of the six ceiling paintings. Ernst Klimt painted the proscenium picture and the two lunettes above the proscenium boxes.
1885The artist company was brought in to furnish the Hermesvilla in Lainz near Vienna under the direction of Julius Victor Berger for the design of the Empress’s bedroom: coves and oculi based on designs by Berger based on the design by Hans Makart; Ceiling design according to his own design: "Spring" (oil on plaster) First trip to Paris, where Gustav Klimt studied the work of Edouard Manet.
1885/86Ceiling paintings and curtains of the Karlovy Vary City Theater (Karlsbad), in which the three artists based themselves primarily on compositions by Hans Makart.
1886–1888First commission in Vienna, probably on the recommendation of Rudolf Eitelberger, who had known the artist company since 1884: design of the large ceiling paintings in the stairwells of the newly built Vienna Burgtheater (architect: Carl Hasenauer). The program comes from Adolf von Wilbrandt, the director of the theater: History of the theater with famous playwrights and comedy poets from different epochs in ten large pictures. Order placed on October 20, 1886. Ernst Klimt: "Hanswurst on the Stegreifbühne" (left staircase) and "Theater Molières" (right staircase); Gustav Klimt: “Dionysus Altar”, “Thespiskarren”, “Theater Shakespeare (with a performance of Romeo and Juliet)” (right staircase) and “Theater in Taormina” (left staircase); Franz Matsch. "Apollo Altar", "Ancient Improvisator (Homer)", "Medieval Mysteries Stage" (left staircase) and "Athener Dionysostheater (with a performance by Antigone)" (right staircase) as well as the four decorative pictures with putti and tendrils, which the two Images by Ernst Klimt are flanked. Carl Joseph Geiger created the grisaille on a gold background - putti as actors and allegories (two for each painting as decorative allegorical additions)
1887Gustav Klimt was first called the "heir of Hans Makart" (in: Art for all, Friedrich Pecht, 1887). The City of Vienna commissioned two large watercolors from Gustav Klimt and Franz Matsch, which depict the interior of the old Burgtheater shortly before it was demolished (Vienna Museum). Klimts painted the view from the stage into the auditorium, while Matsch opted for the opposite view. A total of 200 personalities from Viennese society can be recognized.
1888Emperor Franz Joseph I, protector of the Burgtheater and financier of the building, paid the artist company the highest recognition at the inauguration, for which he awarded the artist company the Golden Cross of Merit. In August Gustav Klimt traveled to Innsbruck, Salzburg and the Königssee. Acquaintance with Serena Lederer (1867–1943), the Lederer couple became one of the most committed supporters of Gustav Klimt's art.
1889First trip to the Salzkammergut - together with his brother Ernst Klimt. The two stayed in St. Wolfgang and Gmunden. Second trip to Paris, where Klimt got to know the work of Edvard Munch, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin.
1890Gustav Klimt was the first to receive the new “Kaiserpreis”, endowed with 400 guilders, in recognition of the Burgtheater watercolor after it was exhibited in the Künstlerhaus in March. Trip to Venice and Carinthia (from June 8th), again together with Ernst.Move to an apartment in Vienna 7, Westbahnstraße 36, where Gustav Klimt lived with his mother and his two unmarried sisters Klara (1860–1937) and Hermine (1865–1937) until his death.
1890/91Relocation of the artist company to Josefstädter Straße 21, 1080, actually the garden pavilion of the house opposite the theater in Josefstadt. Paintings - gusset and inter-column pictures - for the staircase of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, since Hans Makart had died. The ceiling painting went to Michael Munkaczy in Paris. For the first time the styles differed between Gustav Klimt and the other two painters. In the "Greek antiquity" he portrayed Glykene, the mistress of the ancient painter Pausanias, as a modern, contemporary dressed woman.
1891Gustav Klimt was accepted as a member of the cooperative of visual artists Vienna (today: Künstlerhaus). Ernst Klimt married Helene Flöge in October 1891, making Emilie Flöge (1874-1952) sister-in-law of Gustav Klimt. "Portrait of Emilie Flöge at the age of seventeen" (private collection)
1892The brothers Klimt and Matsch move into a studio at Josefstädterstrasse 21 (8th district). Gustav Klimt worked here until 1911. Klimt's father Ernst Klimt died at the age of 59 (July 13th) and his brother Ernst Klimt died of an inflammation of the pericardium (December 9th). Klimt took over the guardianship of his niece Helene, called "Lentschi" (1892-1980). At the end of the year Gustav Klimt stayed in Totis (today: Tata Továros, Hungary).
1893On January 6th Gustav Klimt was again in the Hungarian Totis (today Tata) to paint the picture “Auditorium of the theater in Esterházy Palace”. In March 1893 he won the silver medal at the Künstlerhaus exhibition. Appointment of Franz Matsch to the School of Applied Arts (October). Gustav Klimt's nomination to the Academy, Special School for History Painting (December 21st), the Polish artist Kasimir Pochwalski was appointed.
1894Gustav Klimt was commissioned by the Society for Reproductive Art to portray the castle actor Josef Lewinsky in his star role as Carlos in Clavigo. Franz Matsch created a portrait of Charlotte Wolter "Portrait of a lady" (Belvedere), "Sitting young girl" (Leopold Museum), "Portrait of a lady (Frau Heymann?)" (Vienna Museum)
4th September 1894Gustav Klimt and Franz Matsch were commissioned to paint the ceiling of the auditorium of the University of Vienna, the so-called faculty pictures (4/4). In the course of this work, the working group with Franz Matsch increasingly dissolved. Although completion was announced in 1898, Gustav Klimt worked on the paintings until 1907. Franz Matsch was promoted by the castle actress Charlotte Wolter and advanced to become a portraitist for Viennese society.
1895On the occasion of the unveiling of a monument to the painter Emil Jakob Schindler, Gustav Klimt met his daughter Alma, who later became Alma Mahler-Werfel. Klimt began working on the order for Nikolaus Dumba’s music room at Parkring 4, 1010 Vienna. For this he created the over-the-door pictures “Music” and “Schubert at the Piano”. Klimt won the Grand Prix in Antwerp with the “Auditorium of the Theater in Esterházy Palace”. "Josef Lewinsky as Carlos in Clavigo" (Belvedere), "Love" (Vienna Museum), "The Music (Draft)" (1895, Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen - Neue Pinakothek, Munich)
1896Listed as a member of the Curatorium of the Society for Reproductive Art (February). This commissioned the “Portrait of Josef Lewinsky as Carlos in Clavigo”. "Obstgarten" (1896/97), "Schuber am Klavier (draft)" (1896, private collection).
April 1897On April 3, Gustav Klimt and 39 colleagues and friends founded the Vienna Secession as an independent artists' association (Association of Austrian Visual Artists) with the aim of building an exhibition pavilion and presenting contemporary, modern art in Vienna. First received postcard to Emilie Flöge (April 14th), in which he apologized for missing (French?) Lessons.
May 1897On May 24th, Klimt resigned from the Künstlerhaus. The first general assembly of the Secession took place on June 21st. Gustav Klimt became the first president of the Secession - but only for one year - Rudolf von Alt became honorary president. Trip to Munich. Summer stay in Fierberbrunn in Tyrol, together with the Flöge family. “Im Zwielicht” (1897), “Sammetapfelbaum [silk apples]” (1897), “Farmhouse with rose bushes” (around 1897/98).
February – March 1898First edition of Ver Sacrum (January); first exhibition of the Vienna Secession (March 26-15, 1898), for which Gustav Klimt designed the poster. It shows the fight of Theseus against the Minotaur, protected by Pallas Athena. The depiction of the naked Attic hero was prevented by the censorship authorities. Gustav Klimt added black tree trunks to cover a large area of the sex. The figure of Pallas Athene in profile was also used on the cover of the exhibition catalog.
1898To work on the faculty pictures, Klimt rented an additional studio at Florianigasse 54, 1080. The first presentation of the faculty picture “Medicine” ended in a scandal. In response, Klimt increasingly withdrew from public life and worked for a handful of extremely wealthy patrons. Most of Klimt's clients had Jewish ancestors and some had converted to the Protestant faith. After 1900, an average of one large-format female portrait was created per year. Summer stay in St. Agatha in the Salzkammergut. “After the Rain” (1898), “Twilight” (1898), “Nuda Veritas” (Theater Museum, Vienna), “Pallas Athene” 1899, Vienna Museum), “The Music” (1897/98, burned), “Portrait Helene Klimt ”(Kunstmuseum Bern),“ Portrait of Sonja Knips ”(Belvedere).
1899Participation in the IV. Secession exhibition with “Nuda Veritas” and “Schubert at the piano”, one of the over-port pictures from the music room of the Palais Dumba. Travel to Italy with Carl Moll's family, including Alma: Florence, Genoa, Verona and Venice (April 14th – May 5th). Summer stay in Golling near Salzburg with the Flöge family (no later than August 11th - no earlier than September 1st). Birth of his first illegitimate son Gustav with Maria (Mizzi) Zimmermann (September 1st). "Schubert at the piano" (1898/99, burned), "Orchard in the evening" (1899), "A morning at the pond" (1899), "Portrait of Serena Lederer" (The Metropolitan Museum, New York)
1900Participation in the VI. Secession exhibition, where Gustav Klimt presented the “philosophy” for the University of Vienna (8.3.-6.6.1900). The painting enraged not only the public, but also the professors of the University of Vienna. In May, 87 professors signed a petition against the picture. At the Paris World Exhibition, the picture “Philosophy” won the Grand Prix (April 15 - November 12, 1900), and Klimt also showed “Pallas Athene” and the “Portrait of Sonja Knips”. On May 28, 1900, Gustav Klimt was admitted to the Berlin Secession as a foreign member. Stay at the Attersee in Litzlberg (August 12th to September 3rd) “The Swamp” (1900), “Farmhouse with Birch Trees” (1900), “The Great Poplar I” (1900), “Am Attersee” (1900), “Philosophy “(1900–1907, burned in 1945 in Immendorf Castle).
1901Participation in the 10th Secession exhibition with the second faculty picture, "Medicine" (15.3. – 12.5.). Although Klimt was proposed for a professorship at the academy, he was denied the appointment. The public prosecutor's office demands that the edition of “Ver Sacrum” with the studies on “medicine” be confiscated (March 19), which, however, was rejected by the Vienna Regional Court. In August stay in Litzlberg am Attersee. Acquisitions by museums: The Historical Museum of the City of Vienna (today Wien Museum) acquired Klimt's contributions to “Allegories and Emblems” from an exhibition by Gerlach and Schenk in the town hall; the Bavarian State Painting Collection in Munich acquired the study for "Music I". Summer stay in Litzlberg am Attersee together with the Flöge family. "Bauernhaus", "Oberbäume", "Tannenwald I", "Tannenwald II" (1901), "Portrait of Rose von Rosthorn-Friedmann" (private collection), "Judith I" (Belvedere).
1902Participation in the XIII. Exhibition of the Vienna Secession, where Klimt presented the “Goldfish” (Solothurn) and the still unfinished portrait of Marie Henneberg alongside six landscape paintings. Allegedly he wanted to title the painting "To my critics" (February 1st - March). Participation in the XIV. Exhibition of the Vienna Secession (April 16-27), the Beethoven exhibition, for which Gustav Klimt painted the “Beethoven Frieze” on site. On June 7, 1902, Auguste Rodin was in Vienna, who admired the “Beethoven Frieze” and ignored Klinger's “Beethoven”. Birth of Gustav Klimt's second son with Marie Zimmermann, Otto, who died on September 11th (June 22nd – September 11th). Summer stay in Litzlberg am Attersee, together with the Flöge family (July 28 - September 4). "Insel im Attersee", "Buchenwald I", "A Summer's Day", "The Great Papel II" (1902), "Portrait Marie Henneberg" (State Gallery Moritzburg, Halle an der Saale), "Portrait Gertrud Loew (Gertha Felsoványi) ”(Private collection),“ Portrait of Emilie Flöge ”(Vienna Museum),“ Goldfische [To my critics] ”(1901/02, Kunstmuseum Solothurn),“ Beethoven Frieze ”(1901/02, Belvedere, permanent loan from the Secession, Vienna).
1903Ferdinand Hodler stayed in Vienna and made friends with Gustav Klimt. The Swiss monumental painter acquired Klimt's “Judith I” (Belvedere).
May – summer 1903In May Klimt traveled to Italy and was fascinated by the gold mosaics in Ravenna. In the same month Koloman Moser and Josef Hoffmann founded the Wiener Werkstätte. Summer stay in Litzlberg am Attersee, together with the Flöge family (29.7. – 6.9.).
November 1903On November 11th, the Ministry of Education's Art Commission inspected the faculty pictures and received them positively. However, Matsch's painting (central image and theology) was criticized. Due to the difference in quality, it was suggested that Klimt's works should be presented in the Modern Gallery. Klimt retrospective at the Secession (November 14, 1903– January 6, 1904); Exhibition design by Koloman Moser. Gustav Klimt designed a variant of “Pallas Athene” as a poster motif. For the first time, all three faculty images were presented at the same time. The “Beethoven Frieze” was unveiled again before Carl Reininghaus acquired it. Journey from Ravenna to Venice, Padua, Florence and Pisa (November 28th – December 10th). "Life a fight (The golden knight)", "Golden apple tree" (burned in 1945 at Immendorff Castle), "Birnbaum" (1903), "Birkenwald", "Buchenwald II", "Beech in the forest".
1904Gustav Klimt found permanent representation in Vienna in the Miethke Gallery, which was directed by Carl Moll. The Ministry of Education rejected the Secession's request to send only paintings by Gustav Klimt to the International Fair in St. Louis. The Brussels industrialist Adolphe Stoclet commissioned Josef Hoffmann to build his palace - and Gustav Klimt to design the Stoclet frieze. At the “Great Art Exhibition” in Dresden, Gustav Klimt presented himself with “Goldfische” and “Das Leben ein Kampf (The Golden Knight)”; on the "I. Exhibition of the Deutscher Künstlerbund ”in Munich he was represented with“ Zug der Toten [From the realm of death] ”. Summer stay at the Attersee together with the Flöge family (29.7. – 3.8.). "Portrait of Hermine Gallia" (The National Gallery, London)
April 1905: Abandonment of the faculty picturesOn April 3, Gustav Klimt gave up the order for the faculty pictures. Since the ministry had already transferred money to the painter, the works were already state property. However, the painter refused to hand over the works. On April 27, the ministry left the works to him, and on May 25, Klimt paid the fee back with the help of August Lederer.
May 1905Klimt's appointment as professor at the Academy of Fine Arts was finally rejected (perhaps at the appeal of the heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand). Berthold Löffler was appointed in place of Klimt. Stay in Berlin, where fifteen of his works were on view in the second exhibition of the German Association of Artists, including “The Three Ages of Life” and “Hope I” (May 19-21). Klimt received the Villa Romana Prize together with Ferdinand Hodler and Ulrich Hübner - but passed it on to Max Kurzweil. Participation in the "International Art Exhibition" in the Glaspalast in Munich.
June-August 1905Gustav Klimt and the so-called Klimt Group - Carl Moll, Otto Wagner, Ferdinand Hodler, Adolf Böhm, Adolf Hölzel, Josef Hoffmann, Alfred Roller - left the Secession. With this, the artists' association split once more into the remaining painters around Josef Engelhart and the artists who had left. Stay in Litzlberg am Attersee (at the latest from June 26th until August 4th, 1905 at the earliest). "Roses under trees", "Garden landscape", "Cottage garden", "Portrait of Margarethe Stonborough-Wittgenstein" (Bavarian State Painting Collection, Munich), "Three Ages of Women" (Galleria nazionale d’arte moderna, Rome).
1906Gustav Klimt was appointed honorary member of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts in Munich (March 12). The Wiener Werkstätte was represented at the Earl's Court Imperial Royal Austrian Exhibition in London. Klimt traveled to Great Britain in connection with the Stoclet Frieze (letter of April 30th from Dover to London). Return via Brussels, Berlin and Dresden (13 May back in Vienna). This summer, the fashion photos of Emilie Flöge in her costumes were taken at Lake Attersee. Gustav Klimt was in Florence on December 7th.
1907Lukian's “Hetärenverbindungen” was published (May). In November 1907 Klimt traveled to Berlin, where in February / March 1908 he exhibited the completed faculty pictures for the first time. Participation in the "Vienna Exhibition" in the Dresden Gallery Arnold and in the "International Art Exhibition" in Mannheim. In the summer of 1907, Gustav Klimt met the academy student Egon Schiele. Stay in LItzlberg am Attersee (July 13th-September 8th). Klimt designed the costumes for the play "Masks" by Peter Altenberg for the opening of Cabaret Feldermaus (October 19).
1908The exited Klimt group organized the first “art show” (June 1st - November 16th) on the site of what will later be the Vienna Konzerthaus. Gustav Klimt presented 16 paintings, including "The Kiss" (1907/08). “The Kiss” was bought by the Ministry of Education for the Modern Gallery (today: Belvedere). The "Portrait of Emilie Flöge" went to the Historical Museum of the City of Vienna (today: Wien Museum). “The Work of Gustav Klimt”, a portfolio of the work of the Viennese painter, was published by the Miethke Gallery. Stay in Munich (July 9th-13th), then in the Salzkammergut for the first time in the Villa Oleander (July 13th-11th).
1909Stay in Prague (May). Organization of the second “art show” (July). Stay in the Villa Oleander am Attersee (July 12th to September 11th at the earliest). Participation in the “X. International Art Exhibition ”in Munich and the“ XVIII. Exhibition of the Berlin Secession ”. Stay in Paris (October 17th-24th), Spain (October 24th-October 30th) and again in Paris (October 30th-beginning of November).
1910Participation in the “IX. Venice Biennale (April 13th-October 31st), the “Exhibition of the German Association of Artists” in Prague and the “Drawing Arts” exhibition in the Berlin Secession. Galerie Miethke also presented drawings by Gustav Klimt. Stay at the Villa Oleander in Kammer am Attersee (July 16-29).
1911Klimt's “Stoclet Frieze” was completed and installed in Brussels. His painting “Death and Life” (also: Death and Love, Leopold Museum) received first prize at the “International Art Exhibition” in Rome. Relocation to his last studio: Feldmühlgasse 11, 1130 Vienna (Hietzing). Stay in the Villa Oleander in Kammer am Attersee (3rd-13th August) and in Wodolka, Bohemia (end of September).
1912Klimt and Otto Wagner founded the Association of Austrian Artists, Klimt became its president. Participation in the "Great Art Exhibition" in Dresden (1.5.-15.10.). Birth of their first child together with Camilla Huber: Gustav (1912-1989). Stay in Bad Gastein, where Emilie Flöge stayed for a cure (from June 11th) and in the Villa Oleander am Attersee (July 12th-September 11th). Stay in Vodolka, Bohemia (November 15th).
1913Participation in the “Exhibition of the Association of Austrian Artists” in Budapest, as well as the “IX. International Art Exhibition ”in Munich and the“ III. Exhibition of the German Association of Artists ”in Mannheim. Cure stay in Bad Gastein (June 27th-July 10th) and summer holidays on Lake Garda (July 31st-September 10th) and on Lake Attersee (September 12th-14th).Together with the patron and art collector Carl Reininghaus, Gustav Klimt, Rudolf Junk and Josef Hoffmann were jurors of the "Reininghaus competition": the winner was Anton Faistauer.
1914Gustav Klimt took part in the "Exhibition of the German Association of Artists" in Prague and the "Second Secession" in Rome (February-June). Birth of daughter Charlotte (1914-1915). Stay in Brussels, where Gustav Klimt sees the installed Stoclet frieze for the first time and visited the Congo Museum (May 14th to at least 22nd). Cure stay with Emilie Flöge and her mother in Bad Gastein (June 27th) and summer vacation in Weißenbach am Attersee (July 19th-9th at the earliest)
1915Death of Gustav Klimt's mother Anna (February 6th). Short trip to Moravia (end of June). Participation in the exhibition “Viennese Artists” at the Kunsthaus Zürich. Some of Gustav Klimt's works were also on view in the Berlin Secession. Birth of the son Wilhelm (1915-1943). Summer deer in Weißenbach am Attersee (20.8.-12.9. At the latest) Visit of the art collectors Otto and Eugenia Primavesi in their country house in Winkelsdorf, Moravia (10.12.).
1916Participation in the exhibition of the “Association of Austrian Artists” in the Vienna Secession alongside Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka. Member of the Saxon Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden (May 25). Summer freshness in Weißenbach am Attersee (July 11th-September 11th). Participation in the exhibition in Stickholm (1916/17)
1917Again three stays by Gustav Klimt in the country house of the Primavesi family in Winkelsdorf (January, May, end of December). Cure stay in Bad Gastein (July 30th-August 8th) then return to Vienna. Met Emilie Flöge in Mayrhofen in Tyrol (August 16th) Honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna and Munich (October 26).
1918On January 11th, Gustav Klimt suffered a stroke in his apartment. He was just about to get dressed to begin his daily walk to breakfast at the dairy at Tivoli. As a result of the stroke, Klimt was paralyzed on one side and was taken to the hospital. Two days later, unknown thieves broke into his abandoned studio and stole what they could get. The painter died of pneumonia on February 6, 1918 in the General Hospital in Vienna. He was buried three days later at the Hietzingen cemetery.
1920Max Eisler published the first monograph on Gustav Klimt, which was also published in English in 1921.
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