What are you doing perfect
Formation of the perfect tense - usage and examples
Formation of the perfect perfect - auxiliary verbs and participle II
To form the perfect, you need the Verbs to be or to have and the Past participle. So the following applies:
to be / have + past participle = perfect
So you need that Auxiliary verbs "sein" and "haben" in the present tense. They are called auxiliary verbs because they help the main verb, i.e. the correct verb, with something. In our case, expressing the perfect tense. They are waiting second in the sentence. "To be" and "have" are adapted in their form to the person and the number of the main verb, i.e. they change, as you can see in the examples. But first I will show you all forms of auxiliary verbs in the present tense in the table.
We are went.
We to have learned.
your are went.
You has learned.
In addition, you need the main verb in the form of the participle II.
The shape of the Past participle always stands at end of sentence. Now let's look at those Formation of the participle II more precisely at:
The past participle of weak verbs
Verbs ending in remain the same for all tenses and person forms, i.e. the weak verbs, you form the past participle like this:
ge + Verb stem + (e) t (for weak verbs)
Here's an example:
Cook becomes cooked
Participle II for strong verbs
For verbs that change their tribe, i.e. strong verbs, you form the past participle like this:
ge + Verb stem + en (with strong verbs)
You have to remember that there are a lot of irregular verbs in German. So the verb stem will be different from what you think at first. Take care here! Here you can also take a look at the education using an example:
to sing becomes ge-sung-en
There are exceptions if the verb has a prefix.
Past participle with prefix
A prefix is a verb addition attached to the word. In some cases this is Verb addition from the verb separable, like in the example:
prefer: I pull it in frontto go.
In this case, you ask that Prefix before the.
Verbs with a separable prefix:
Separable prefix + ge + Verb stem + (e) t / (e) n
read out becomes read aloud
Is this Not to separate prefix from verb,falls in the formation of the past participle the just get away. An example would be:
tear: We to have the paper torn.
The same applies to verbs, die formed with kidneys be away.
Verbs with an inseparable prefix:
Inseparable prefix + verb stem + (e) t / (e) n
Verbs on -ieren
Verb stem (with -ieren) + (e) t
Here, too, another example shows you the education:
understand becomes Roger that
To make the education clear to you, I'll show you a few examples:
Examples in the perfect tense
Finally, take a look at the example sentences to get theWord order in the perfect tensememorize. The past participle is always at the end of the sentence:
You are me immediately noticed.
We went for a walk.
He is fast ran.
Lisa Has me read out.
The have I to forget.
You have now learned a lot about German grammar and the perfect tense. Above you will find suitable tasks with which you can test your knowledge. We wish you all the best with your learning!
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